A healthy smile goes beyond just having straight, white teeth. It also relies on the well-being of the supporting structures, namely the gums and jawbone. This is where periodontics, a specialized branch of dentistry, plays a crucial role. Periodontics focuses on preventing, diagnosing and treating diseases and conditions that affect the gums and other supporting structures of the teeth. At Brooklyn Smile, the most common condition treated by periodontists is periodontal disease, an inflammatory condition that affects the gums and can lead to significant oral health issues if left untreated.
Periodontal disease typically begins with plaque buildup, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If not properly removed through regular brushing and flossing, plaque bacteria can lead to gums inflammation, known as gingivitis. Symptoms of gingivitis include redness, swelling, tenderness and bleeding gums.
If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more advanced stage of periodontal disease called periodontitis. In periodontitis, the gums pull away from the teeth, creating infected pockets. As the infection spreads, it damages the tissues and bones that support the teeth, leading to tooth loss if not addressed promptly. Additionally, periodontal disease has been associated with various systemic conditions including heart disease, diabetes, respiratory diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Periodontal Disease Treatment
Scaling and Root Planing
This deep cleaning removes plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces below the gum line. Dr. Herskovits, our dentist in Bay Ridge, NY, may use ultrasonic instruments or manual scaling tools to ensure thorough cleaning. Root planing smoothes the tooth roots, allowing the gums to reattach to the teeth.
In advanced cases of periodontitis, surgical intervention may be required. Gum surgery, bone grafting, and guided tissue regeneration aim to eliminate deep pockets, regenerate lost bone and tissue and restore a healthy periodontium.
Dental implants in Brooklyn, NY, can be a reliable solution if tooth loss occurs due to severe periodontal disease. These artificial tooth roots are placed into the jawbone providing a sturdy foundation for a replacement tooth or bridge.
Ways to Prevent Periodontal Diseases
- Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice daily with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss daily to remove plaque and debris between your teeth and the gum line.
- Adopt a balanced diet and limit sugary foods and beverages.
- Avoid tobacco use and limit alcohol consumption.
- Schedule regular dental check-ups and professional cleanings with Dr. Herskovits at Brooklyn Smile to detect and address oral health issues early on.
- Practice stress management techniques as stress can contribute to periodontal disease.
Periodontics plays a critical role in maintaining oral health and preserving beautiful smiles. Regular dental check-ups, diligent oral hygiene practices and a healthy lifestyle are fundamental to ensuring a strong foundation for lifelong oral health. So, take care of your gums, protect your smile and embrace the benefits of periodontics for a healthy and confident life. For the best dental care, visit Brooklyn Smile at 9412 4th Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11209, or call (718) 745-3456.